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The six pillars of Imaan [Belief]

The source of deviation is the deviation from the truth, and the goodness of all matters is the adherence to the truth and its right way. No created being has been created by other than Allah(swt). Allah(swt) has created every creature in a particular way and managed its affair in a certain manner. Allah(swt) is Perfect and exempt from deficiency and error. Anything that deviates from Allah’s way is bound to be in ruin. Allah(swt) Alone created the heavens and the earth - by His Management and Creation. Allah (swt) says: “Had there been therein (in the heavens and earth) gods besides Allah, then verily both (heaven and earth) would have been ruined. Glorified is Allah, the Lord of the Throne, (High is He) above all that they associate with him!” Surah Al Anbiya, Ayah 22

Man is of Allah’s creatures - the goodness of this life depends on his knowledge of the truth and his adherence to it. Corruption of man is either due to his ignorance of the truth or his deliberate disobedience to it. The cause of the corruption of humanity is due to the disbelief in Allah(swt) and His commands as Allah(swt) says:
“…Then if there comes to guidance from Me, then whoever follows My Guidance shall neither go astray nor shall be distressed - But whoever turns away from My Reminder (the Quran and orders) - verily for him is a life of hardship, and We shall raise him blind on the Day of Resurrection.” Surah Taha, Ayah 123-124

Nobody follows Allah azawajal’s guidance except those who believe in Him, remember Him, feel His presence, attributes and His Greatness. Man is at a crossroad, a road of belief and guidance leads to happiness in this world and the Hereafter and a road of disbelief and misguidance leads to misery in this world and the Hereafter. The most noble and beneficent knowledge a man can learn is the basis of belief (iman) and its requirements. The best precaution he can take is to possess the knowledge of the characteristics of disbelief (kufr) and its causes. Allah azawajal says in the Quran:
“The Messenger believes in what has been revealed to him from his Lord, and (so do) the believers. Each one (of them) believes in Allah, His Angels, His Books His Messengers. ‘We make no distinction (they say) between one and another of His Messengers. And they say, ‘ We hear and we obey: (We seek) your forgiveness our Lord and to You is the return (of all).” Surah al-Baqarah, Ayah 285
Also:
“O you who believe! Believe in Allah and His Messenger, and the Book (the Quran) which He has sent to His Messenger and the scripture which He sent to those before (him); and any who disbelieves in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers and the Day of Judgement has gone far astray.” Surah an-Nisa, Ayah 136

In a Hadith narrated by Umar (radhiAllahu anhu): Jibrael came to the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) disguised as a Bedouin and asked him about iman and ihsaan. The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said about iman: ‘(It means) the faith in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers and the Last Day and the belief in Al Qadaa wal Qadar - good or bad.” [Reported by Muslim]. These are the six basis of belief. The faith of any person is incomplete without his belief in all of them.

So what does it mean to have faith in Allah azawajal, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers and the Last Day; and Al-Qadaa’wal Qadar?

Well, to proclaim to have iman in Allah azawajal is to have a firm conviction that Allah is the Lord, Creator and Master of all things - and He(swt) is the only One worthy of worship (prayers, fasting, supplication, hope, fear and complete submission) as Allah azawajal says: “Say : verily, my prayers, my sacrifice, my living and my dying are for Allah, the Lord of Alamin.” Surah Al Anam, Surah 162

Faith in Allah azawajal incorporates Tawheed in His Rububiyyah (Lordship), His Uluhiyyah (worship) and Asmaa’ was Sifaat (Names and Attributes). A Muslim (the one who submits to Allah azawajal and His Divine Laws (Shariah) and orders of Life) cannot believe in Allah azawajal until he recognizes and testifies that there is no Rabb (Lord) but Allah azawajal, that He(swt) is the only ilah (god, deity, power) of all things and there is no ilah but Him and Allah is perfect in His Names and Attributes and none but He is Perfect. Allah (swt) says: “…Surely, His is the Creation and Commandment. Blessed be Allah, the Lord of the Alamin.” Surah Al-Araf: Ayah 54

1. Belief in Allah [a’zza wa jall] and Branches of Tawheed:

1. In the Quran Tawheed of Rububiyah (Lordship) is mentioned in the context of praising Allah azawajal, worshipping Him, surrendering to Him, as well as in the context of informing us of His Majestic attributes and glorious names. The word ‘Rubb’ in itself refers to a relationship of dominance and control. Allah’s Lordship over His creation means that He Alone is their Creator, Master and Regulator of their affairs.The Muslim proclaims at least 17 times a day: “Praise be to Allah - Rubb il Alamin (Lord of the Worlds.” Surah Al Fatihah, Ayah 2

Allah(swt) also says: ‘…Say “Verily, Allah’s Guidance is the only guidance, and we have been commanded to submit to the Lord of the Alamin (mankind, Jinn and all that exists).” Surah Al Anam, Ayah71

This Tawheed means attesting to the fact that Allah azawajal is the absolute executor of actions in the universe: this is through creation, organization, provision of life and death, increase or decrease in sustenance etc. Allah azawajal says in the Quran: “Say: ‘Shall I take as a Wali (protector) other than Allah, the Originator of the Heavens and the Earth? And it is He who feeds and never is fed. Say “ Verily, I am commanded to be the first to surrender themselves to Allah. And be not you (O Muhammed) of the Mushrikeen (idolaters).” Surah Al-Anam, Ayah 14
Most people do not deny that Allah azawajal is the Creator and that He is Lord over the creation but most of these people fall short of Tawheed as they worship others beside Allah azawajal- this is discussed in the following section.

2. The second category Tawheed Uluhiyyah (Worship) obliges the believer to direct his worship to Allah (Alone). Worship in Arabic means obedience, subservience and submission. The worship of Allah cannot be comprehensive without complete love or submission to Allah. Allah(swt) says: “And I did not create jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone).” Surah Adh Dhariyaat, Ayah 56

For this purpose did Allah(swt) send down the Messengers and Books - to call people to Allah azawajal and His worship Alone. Allah(swt) says: “And verily, We have sent among every nation a Messenger (proclaiming): Worship Allah (Alone) and avoid Taghut (false deities).” Surah an Nahl, Ayah 36

Our heart should be pure from directing worship, love, fear etc. to any object of worship other than Allah azawajal as He says:
“And of mankind are some who take (for worship) others besides Allah as rivals. They love them as they love Allah. But those who believe love Allah more.” Surah al Baqarah, Ayah 165

For someone to love some other thing as much as he loves Allah is an act of Shirk ul Akbar (Greater Shirk) - a sin that can only be forgiven by Allah through sincere repentance. Our love for our parents, offspring, our homeland, money and ourselves are just some of the many seductions of today and should only take second place to our love of Allah azawajal as He says:
“Say: if your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your wives, your kindred, the wealth that you have gained, the commerce in which you fear a decline, and the dwellings in which you delight, are dearer to you than Allah and His Messenger, and striving hard and fighting Jihad in His Cause, then wait until Allah brings about His Decision (torment). And Allah guides not the people who are Al-Fasiqun (the rebellious, disobedient to Allah).” Surah At Tauba, Ayah 24

The Muslim must fear Allah(swt) Alone. Our reality today is that the Muslim Ummah as a whole fears others besides Allah azawajal. Is it not true that we fear criticism from people when we take progressive steps towards Islam? When our family and friends criticize us for growing our beards or covering our heads, do we not fear becoming the laughing stock of society when we openly display our Islam - do we not fear people reproaching us for conviction and submission to Allah azawajal. Are we not afraid to speak words of truth in front of people who want to question Islam in its pure form- those tyrannical states and coalitions that suppress and destroy Muslim lives. Allah (swt) says: “…Then fear Me much.” Surah An Nahl, Ayah 51
And:
‘...Therefore fear not men but fear Me and sell not My Verses for a miserable price....” Surah Al Maidah, Ayah 44

The truth of the matter is the saying of Allah azawajal:
“And if Allah touches you with hurt, there is none who can remove it but He; and if He intends any good for you, there is none who can repel His favour which He causes it to reach whomsoever of His slaves He wills. And He is the Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” Surah Yunus, Ayah107

Our Iman is that we strive in the way of Allah, not fearing anyone but Allah azawajal, knowing the only hurt that can afflict us is through the will of Allah(swt) Alone and no one else. The more a believer strives in the way of Allah the more Allah’s favor he gains.

3. The Tawheed of Al Asmaa was Sifaat (Names and Attributes) is characterised by all the attributes of perfection being owned by Allah azawajal - that Allah is above all defects and deficiencies and that He(swt) is distinguished from the rest of creation by these characteristics. There are three types of foundations to this type of Tawheed. We must place Allah(swt) above any likeness to human beings and any imperfections. Allah(swt) says: “…There is nothing like Him…” Surah Ash-Shura, Ayah 11. And:
“And there is none co-equal or comparable to Him.” Surah Al Ikhlas, Ayah 4
Also:
“So put not forward similitudes for Allah.” Surah An Nahl, Ayah 74

Muslim scholars underline this point by stating ‘Our instinct is naturally convinced of this - the created can never be equated with their Creator.’ [Taken from the Shade of the Quran by Syed Qutb]

The second fundamental point is that the belief in al Asmaa was Sifaat is established by Allah(swt) Himself and His Prophet (saw) and cannot be detracted nor expanded or altered in any form. This is due to the fact that Allah(swt) knows best about Himself, and His Messengers have only informed people what Allah azawajal had revealed to them. For those who feel the need to describe Allah(swt) in ways which they have no authority to, Allah says to them: “…Say ‘Do you know better or does Allah?…’’ Surah al Baqarah, Ayah 140

The third point to be made is that the Muslim must believe in these names and attributes, without enquiring about their nature and matter. As attributes vary according to the self, and we cannot enquire into the nature of Allah, His essence and into how His actions take place, we cannot therefore ask about the manner in which His attributes are manifested.

A good example of the name and attributes of Allah(swt) is the Ayat-al-Kursi where He(swt) says: “Allah! La ilaha ila Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), al Hayu (the Ever living) al Qayum (the One who sustains and protects all that exists). Neither slumber nor sleep overtakes him. To him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatsoever is on the earth. Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His permission? He knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter. And they will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that He wills. His Kursi (Chair) extends over the Heavens and the Earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them. And He is al ‘Alee (Most High) ul Adheem (Most Great).” Surah Al Baqarah, Ayah 255

In order to understand the Tawheed of Allah and have iman in Him, the Muslim must understand the Ayat-al-Kursi. Ubayy ibn Kab (radhiAllahu anhu) reports that the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: ‘Abdul Mundhir! Do you know which verse of Allah’s Book is the greatest?’ Ubay replied: ‘ Allah! La ilaaha ilaa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists (i.e.. Ayat-ul-Kursi). Thereupon the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) struck me on the chest and said: ‘Felicitation on your knowledge, O Abdul Mundhur!’” [Reported in Saheeh Muslim]

2. Al MALAA’IKA [The Angels]:

Iman in the Malaaika (Angels) is to have firm conviction that Allah’s Malaa’ika exist, that they are created from light, they do not disobey any of His Commands and that they carry out the functions He instructs them to fulfill. Allah(swt) says:
“The Messenger believes in what has been sent down to him from his Lord, and so do the believers - each one believes in Allah, His Malaa’ika, His Books, His Messengers…” Surah Al Baqarah, Ayah 285

The existence for Malaa’ika is affirmed with indisputable proof. To deny their existence is Kufr (disbelief) as Allah(swt) says: “…And whosoever disbelieves in Allah, His Malaa’ika, His Books, His Messengers and the Last Day, then indeed he has strayed far away.” Surah An Nisa, Ayah 136

Most of the knowledge we have been given on Malaa’ika is regarding their attributes, duties and relationship with Allah azawajal, the universe and man. Allah(swt) has given man enough knowledge of them to assist him in purifying his greed, sanctifying his heart and rectifying his deeds. But Allah kept to Himself the knowledge of their essence, the manner in which they were created and the details of their circumstances. Malaa’ika are made of light as Aisha (radhiAllahu anha) reported that the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: “The Malaa’ik ‘a were created from light, the jinn created from smokeless fire and Adam was created from that which has been described to you (Muslim). Malaa’ika are beings of light and their original form cannot be comprehended by the human mind - they do not eat, drink, sleep or procreate; they are pure, devoid of human desires, sins and misdeeds. [Fath-al-Baree]

But Malaa’ika can come in the form of humans as Allah says:
“And mention in the Book (the Quran) Maryam, when she withdrew in seclusion from her family to a place facing east. She placed a screen from them, then We sent to her our Ruh (angel Jibreel) and he appeared before her in the form of a man in all respects.” Surah Maryam, Ayat 16-17

Furthermore, when the Malak (plural: Malaa’ika) came to the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) to ask him about iman he came in the form of a human being. Malaa’ika do not have a choice in worship to Allah, their existence is based on obedience and absolute submission to His Commands as Allah says: “They fear their Lord above them, and they do what they are commanded.” Surah An Nahl, Ayah 50
And: “…Who disobey not the commands they receive from Allah, but do that which they are commanded.” Surah At Tahreem, Ayah 6

There are Malaa’ika that have been designated certain jobs as Allah(swt) says:
“And by those Malaa’ika who arrange to do the commands of their Lord.” Surah An Naziat, Ayah 5

So Malaa’ika help to guide mankind, bringing happiness and assist them in worshipping Allah(swt). We learn through other evidence that they speak to Allah azawajal asking Him to forgive us, they help Muslims in battle, take the souls of men at their time of death, help change the weather and will blow the trumpets to mark the beginning of the Last Day. Belief in the Malaa’ika is belief in the Ghaib (Unseen) and Allah says:
“Alif, Laam, Mim. This is the Book, whereof there is no doubt a guidance to those who fear Allah, who believe in the Ghaib (unseen) and establish the prayer as perfectly and spend out of that which We have provided for them.” Surah al Baqarah, Ayah 1-3

Through the Malaa’ika the believer finds support, patience and confidence in his lifelong search for happiness and success in the Akhira. The three most important Malaika are Jibraeel, Mika’il and Israfil. Jibraeel is the Malak who brought down the Quran and is in charge of the sustenance of hearts and souls.
Allah(swt) says:
“Say (O Muhammed): Whoever is an enemy to Jibraeel (let him die in his fury), for indeed he has brought it (this Quran) down to your heart by Allah’s Permission, conforming what came before it, and guidance and glad tidings for the believers.” Surah Al Baqarah, Ayah 97

Mika’eel is in charge of rain, which is a vital sustenance for life itself. Israfil is the Malak who will blow the trumpet that will begin the Day of Resurrection. But here is one word of caution for you the reader- Malaa’ika have a direct relationship with us as they been appointed over us to record all our deeds- good or bad as Allah azawajal says:
“But verily, over you (are appointed angels in charge of mankind) to watch you. Kiraman (Honourable) Katibeen writing down (your deeds) They know all that you do.” Surah Al Infitaar, Ayat 10-12
And: “Or do they think that We hear not their secrets and their private counsel? (Yes We do) and Our Messengers (appointed angels in charge of mankind) are by them, to record.” Surah Al Zukhruf, Ayah 80
So the believer who has a clear vision of the Akhira will be extremely careful about his every statement or action - as he will be aware that there is no hiding from these recording Malaa’ika. A Malak known as Azrail is the Malak who extracts the soul from the body at the moment of death. Allah(swt) says: “Say: ‘The angel of death, who is set over you, will take your souls. Then you shall be brought to your Lord.” Surah As Sajdah, Ayah 11

Once a Muslim has firm belief in the Malaa’ika and he is convinced that they witness his every moment, he begins to avoid those things that displease Allah and knows very well that each aspect of his behavior is recorded and accounted for. How can he then disobey or defy Allah(swt) - in secret or in public? It is through this conviction that the believer remains steadfast in face of ridicule and rejection by Kuffar. These Malaa’ika provide the believer with patience, steadfastness and courage. It is these Malaa’ika who are the ‘allied’ forces of the Mujahideen in the plain of the battle. The Help of Allah comes to that believer who has submitted to Tawheed, the love for the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) and who fights to make the Kalima of Allah the most high- even if that believer is alone facing an army of thousands. The Help of Allah is not based on the number of Muslim soldiers, but depends upon the Eaman of these soldiers.

3. Ar Rusul [The Messengers sent by Allah(swt)]:

Iman in the Prophets and Messengers constitutes belief in every one of the Prophets and messengers named in the Quran, and that Allah sent others besides them whose number and names only he knows. “And indeed We have sent Messengers before you (O Muhammed): of some of them We have related to you their story. And of some We have not related to you their story, and it was not given to any Messenger that he should bring a sign except by the Leave of Allah. But, when comes the commandment of Allah, the matter will be decided with the truth, and the followers of falsehood will then be lost.” Surah Ghafir, Ayah 78

Muslims are obliged to believe in the message of the Prophets and to deny this status to any of them is disbelief. Other messengers who have not been specifically named should be believed in general, bearing in mind that we do not follow our intuitions and elevate historic personalities to the station of prophet-hood. This would require proof from Allah azawajal. All the prophets and messengers were primarily delivering a simple message of Tawheed. As Allah(swt) says:
“And We did not send any Messenger before you (O Muhammed) but We revealed to him (saying): La ilaha illa Ana (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah), so worship Me (Alone and none else).” Surah Al Anbiya, Ayah 25

Allah(swt) instructed us in the Quran to follow the teachings of the Prophets:
“And We send not the Messengers but as givers of glad tidings and as warners. So whosoever believes and does righteous good deeds, upon such shall come no fear, nor shall they grieve. But those who reject Our Ayat (proofs evidences, verses, lessons, signs revelations etc.), the torment will touch them for their disbelief (and for their belying the Message of Muhammed).” Surah Al Anam, Ayat 48-49

Allah azawajal also says: “And verily We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): ‘Worship Allah (Alone) and avoid Taghut.’ Then of them were some whom Allah guided and were upon whom the straying was justified. So travel through the land and see what was the end of those who denied (the truth).” Surah An Nahl, Ayah 36

So all the prophets were calling their societies to worship Allah Alone and to reject ‘Taghut’. Taghut is a false deity that is being worshipped apart from Allah azawajal. Anything or anyone who has taken an attribute of worship that can only be directed towards Allah azawajal, and enjoys this direction of worship, is a Taghut. Satan, saints, graves that are being worshipped, magicians, soothsayers, rulers and leaders that legislate in contradiction to the Laws of Allah (Shariah) are all forms of Taghut.

All the prophets clashed with the people who were worshipping others besides Allah(swt) and with those that were being worshipped themselves. The legislators of the lawful and unlawful, legal and illegal were enemies of the Prophets, as these Prophets were bringing Divine laws that diverted societies away from the worship and submission to man-made, unjust laws, to the submission to the Laws of Allah azawajal. Obedience to the messengers is obedience to Allah(swt) as Allah azawajal says:
“We sent no Messenger, but to be obeyed by Allah’s (Leave). If they (hypocrites), when they had been unjust to themselves, had come to you (Muhammed (saw) and begged Allah’s Forgiveness, and the Messenger had begged forgiveness for them: indeed, they would have found Allah All-Forgiving (One Who forgives and accepts repentance), Most Merciful.” Surah An Nisa, Ayah 64

The final Prophet and the Messenger of Allah was Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam). Allah blessed all the messengers with the best of character and Muhammed (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) was no exception. All the messengers of Allah were human and male as Allah says: “And We sent not before you (O Muhammed) but men to whom We revealed. So ask the people of the Reminder (Scriptures - the Taurah, the Injeel) if you do not know.” Surah An Anbiya, Ayah 7

A Muslim should believe that Allah(swt) did not bestow any non-human attributes upon His messengers. They ate, drank, walked, they were subject to harm and oppression by the polytheists of their times etc. Allah(swt) says:
“Muhammed is no more than a Messenger and indeed Messengers have passed away before him. If he dies or is killed, will you then turn back on your heels? And he who turns back on his heels, not the least harm he will do to Allah; and Allah will give reward to those who are grateful.” Surah Al Imran, Ayah 144

This does not reduce their high status amongst mankind. The messengers of Allah did not join any of the characters and attributes of Allah. They do not have any knowledge of the Ghaib, except that which Allah has revealed to them as Allah says:
“Say (O Muhammad): ‘I possess no power over benefit or hurt to myself except as Allah Wills. If I had the knowledge of the Ghaib (unseen), I should have secured for myself an abundance of wealth, and no evil should have touched me. I am but a warner, and a bringer of glad tidings unto people who believe.” Surah Al Araf, Ayah 188

We believe that Allah(swt) gave His Messenger miracles and clear proofs to support the truth of the messages they delivered to mankind. Abu Hurairah (radhiAllahu anhu) reported that the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: “I am the master of the sons of Adam on the Day of Judgment, the first to appear from the grave, the first interceder and the first to be the subject of intercession.” [Reported by Muslim]
Muslims believe that the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) is the Seal of the Prophets and that anyone claiming prophecy after him is a misguided liar. Allah(swt) says: “Muhammed is not the father of any of your men, but he is the Messenger of Allah and the Last of the Prophets. And Allah is Ever All-Aware of everything.” Surah Al Ahzab, Ayah 40

Further confirmation of this point (even though the Ayah above is unquestionable and clear) is that the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: “The hour will not be established until about thirty (Dajjals) appear, each claiming to be a Prophet , I am the seal of the Prophets and there is no prophet after me.” [Reported by Muslim]
Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) is the Imaam of the Abrar and the pious, commander of the believers and those who fight in the way of Allah azawajal - He is the only one we have been instructed to follow and emulate as Allah(swt) says:
“Say (O Muhammed to mankind): If you (really) love Allah then follow me, Allah will love you and forgive you and your sins. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” Surah Al Imran, Ayah 31

The believers must love Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) more than they love themselves, their parents or offspring. Anas (radhiAllahu anhu) narrated that Rasool (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: “None of you is a true believer unless I become more dear to him than his own father, son and all the people.” [Bukhari]. So the believer must not only have faith in all the messengers but also must wholeheartedly emulate the traditions (Sunnah) of Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam). The believer must recognise the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) as his only role model and source of inspiration. The one who loves Nabi (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) more than anyone else will have no problem emulating the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) in his inward and outward characteristics.

4. Al Kutub [The Divine Scriptures]:

Iman in Divine scriptures is to believe in the Books that Allah(swt) revealed to His Messengers and Prophets. From the Quran we know that the Taurah was revealed to Musa (as) and the Ingeel (Bible) to Esa (as) and the Psalms to Dawood (as). All prophets were sent with Divine messages. Allah azawajal says in the Quran: “Mankind were one community and Allah sent Prophets with glad tidings and warnings, and with them He sent down the Scripture in truth to judge between people in matters wherein they differed...” Surah Al Baqarah, Ayah 213

Believers are obliged to believe in these scriptures in the general sense but must take heed in attributing unconfirmed scriptures to Allah(swt). The Quran is the verifier of the previous scriptures, asserting the truth that they contained and exposing the alterations imposed upon them. The Quran contains general and specific laws for mankind and abrogates all the practical legislation specific to past nations. The Quran reaffirms the final and eternal laws suited for all places and times. The Quran was revealed for the guidance of entire mankind and Allah azawajal has undertaken to preserve it. Allah(swt) says:
“Verily, We, it is We Who have sent down the Dhikr (the Quran and Sunnah) and surely, We will guard it (from corruption).” Surah Al Hijr, Ayah 9

Today, there is not a book apart from the Quran that can be attributed to Allah. Other scriptures that exist today are a combination of the words of Allah(swt) and the writings of mere mortals, their commentaries and historical narratives, and the interference of religious scholars. Allah(swt) says:
“Do you (faithful believers) covet that they will believe in your religion inspite of the fact that a party of them (Jewish rabbis) used to hear the Word of Allah (Taurat), then they used to change it knowingly after they understand it?” Surah Al Baqarah, Ayah 75

It is one of the miracles of the Quran that no one can relate anything from it to anything that had been said before it. Another point to be addressed here is that due to the human tampering with originally divine scriptures, one can now find many versions of these altered ‘Divine’ scriptures. The versions vary in their wording and concepts thus losing their authenticity. These altered scriptures contain false and distorted ideas about Allah and His Messengers. One finds in them the comparison of Allah to man, the denigration of some of the Prophets in a way that impugns their honour and challenges their immunity. In the light of the evidence of their corruption we must still believe that these scriptures were originally revealed by Allah azawajal to His Messengers and had the same purpose as the Quran. As for the Quran, Muslims believe that it contains the truth, that every letter is preserved by Allah, that we must follow its commands, avoid its prohibitions, believe its accounts and reject anything, which contradicts it.

5. Yawmil Qiyaamah [Day of Rising, i.e. For Judgement]:

Iman in the Day of Resurrection is to hold firm belief in all that Allah(swt) mentions in the Quran, and all that the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) has told us about the Akhira, the fitna of the grave, reward and punishment therein, Resurrection, the reckoning, the bridge ‘as-Sirat’, intercession, Paradise and Hell-Fire. Allah(swt) reminds us of the last Day by saying:
“Verily those who believe, and those who are the Jews and Christians, and Sabians, whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day and does righteous good deeds shall have their reward with their Lord, on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.” Surah Al Baqarah, Ayah 62

The Last Day has been called other names in the Quran, it is known as the Day of Resurrection, the Hour, Yawm ul Hisab (day of accounting), Yawm an Noshur (day of Rising) etc. Belief in the Day of Resurrection ensures a believer’s conformity and adherence to righteous conduct and piety towards Allah(swt). There is a great difference between a person who does not believe that he will be resurrected and judged for every word and deed and one who does. The first is solely driven by his own whims and intuitions, preoccupied by his worldly ambitions; the person with belief in the Day of Resurrection conducts himself within the bounds of truth and good. Allah(swt) says:
“And the weighing on that day (Day of Resurrection) will be the true weighing. So as for those whose scale (of good deeds) will be heavy, they will be the successful (by entering Paradise). And as for those whose scale will be light, they are those who will lose their ownselves (by entering Hell) because they denied and rejected Our Ayat.” Surah Al Araf, Ayat 8-9

Is it not true that man is careless and forgetful about the Last Day? Man is often too engrossed in worldly pleasures and possessions, for this reason Allah azawajal says:
“O, you who believe! What is the matter with you, that when you are asked to march forth in the way of Allah (i.e. Jihad)- you cling heavily to the earth? Are you pleased with the life of this world rather than the Hereafter? But little is the enjoyment of the life of this world as compared to the Hereafter.” Surah At Taubah, Ayah 38

Allah azawajal is constantly reminding man in the Quran about the Day of Recompense:
“Allah! La illaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He). Surely He will gather you on the Day of Resurrection about which there is no doubt. And who is truer in statement than Allah?.” Surah An Nisa, Ayah 87
Also:
“O you who believe! Believe in Allah and His Messenger, and the Book which He has sent down to His Messenger, and the Scripture which He sent down to those before; and whosoever disbelieves in Allah, His Malaika, His Books, His Messengers and the Last Day (Yaum ilAkhir), then indeed he has strayed far away.” Surah An Nisa, Ayah 136

Those who view the Last Day with skepticism only do so as they cannot believe that Allah can resurrect man after his death. These people doubt Allah azawajals Ability to turn the bones and dust of their bodies into beings with senses and beliefs. Allah azawajal clarifies these doubts in the Quran by saying:
“And they say: ‘When we are bones and fragments, should we really be resurrected (to be) a new creation? Say (O Muhammed) ‘Be you stones or iron?’ ‘Or some created thing that is yet greater in your breasts (thoughts to be resurrected, even then you shall be resurrected)’ Then they will say ‘Who shall bring us back (to life)?.’ Say ‘He who created you first!’ Then they will shake their heads and say ‘When will that be?’ Say ‘Perhaps it is near!” Surah al
Isra, Ayat 49-51

Also people who are doubtful of the Last Day are only so as they do not know when this Day will take place, and due to the ignorance of life and death, and the Power of Allah, they enter into a spiral of spiritual and moral decline. It should be sufficient for these doubters, had they any sense or reason, to recall Allah azawajals ability in creating them the first time- when they had been nothing. People of intellect must acknowledge that man found himself created and brought into life after not having existed before- he must therefore have a Creator. Man’s death is another condition he goes through - it is a change that can be only be brought about by Allah, for anyone else who possessed such power would have certainly used it to prevent his own death. Allah says: “Say (to them): ‘Allah gives you life, then causes you to die; then He will assemble you on the Day of Resurrection about which there is no doubt. But most mankind know not.” Surah Al Jathiyah, Ayah 26

The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) further explained this Resurrection when a man asked him: ‘How does Allah give life to the dead? And what is the sign of that in His creation?’ The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) replied: ‘Have you not passed by your family’s barren river?’ The man said ‘Yes’. Nabi (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: ‘And then you passed by it full of life and green?’ The man said, ‘Yes’. Nabi (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: ‘He (Allah) also gives life to the dead, and that is His sign in His creation.’” [Reported by Ahmed and Abu Dawud]

On the Day of Resurrection, man will come to know his abode in the Hereafter- either he will be entered into the Garden (Al Jannah) - and that is the supreme success, or he will be admitted into the Fire- and that is the greatest loss. Allah says:
“And the dwellers of Paradise will call out to the dwellers of the Fire ‘We have indeed found true what our Lord has promised us, have you also found true what your Lord promised?’ They will say ‘Yes’. Then a crier will proclaim between them ‘The Curse of Allah is on the Zalimun’. Those who hindered (men) from the Path of Allah, and would seek to make it crooked, and they were disbelievers in the Hereafter.” Surah Al Araf, Ayat 44-45

If the compiler of this article could give one piece of personal advice, it would be that he would ask you O’ reader to contemplate and take heed from the following verse:
“Does man think he will be left neglected (without being punished or rewarded for the duties enjoined on him by his Lord)?” Surah Al Qiyamah, Ayat 36

Verily, this Day of Resurrection will be heavy for all, except for those few who Allah(swt) chooses to enter the Garden without any trial.

6. AL QADAA WAL QADAR [Divine Decision and Decree]

Iman in Al Qadr is the final pillar of iman. Ulama have defined Al Qadaa wal Qadr as a single entity, describing it as ‘A well planned system established by Allah for this existence, the general laws and rules by which He links the causes with effects.’ Allah azawajal says in the Quran: “Verily, We have Created all things with Qadar.” Surah Al Qamar, Ayah 49

Al-Qadar is directly related to Allah azawajals Names and Attributes as Allah azawajal says in the Quran:
“... and He is bi kulli Shaay’in ‘Aleem (the All-Knower of everything).” Surah Al Baqarah, Ayah 29
And:
“... It is He who Gives life and causes death-and He is ‘ala kulli Shaay’in Qadeer (Able to do all things).” Surah Al Hadeed, Ayah 2
Also:
“(He is) Doer of whatsoever He intends (or wills).” Surah Al Buruj, Ayah 16

Every Muslim is obliged by his deen to believe in al-Qadar, good or bad, sweet or bitter. The Muslim must believe that Allah(swt) knows what His creation will do by the virtue of His Eternal Knowledge. Allah(swt) knows all as regards to His Creations obedience, transgression, sustenance and life-span. Allah azawajal recorded the measurement of all matters pertaining to creation in Al-Lawh al Mahfudh (Book of Decree). He(swt) says: “Know you not that Allah knows all that is on the heaven and on the earth? Verily it is in the Book (Al Lawh al Mahfudh). Verily that is easy for Allah.” Surah Al Hajj, Ayah 70

The Muslim must also believe that what Allah(swt) wills must happen and what He does not Will, will not happen. Any movement or tranquility that takes place in the heaven or the earth is By Allah(swt’s) Will. Allah azawajal created all creation and their actions, but the creation have a will of their own and act accordingly. For this reason, man is the believer, the disbeliever, the pious, the sinner etc. Man has the ability to fulfill his actions and he has a will, but Allah(swt) created man, his ability and his will. However it should be clarified, that al-Qadar, be it good or bad, is only related to humans and creations. For Allah azawajal, al-Qadar is all good, and evil does not belong to Him, therefore evil is not an attribute or action of Allah(swt), and He is void of any deficiency. ‘Evil’ is a creation of Allah azawajal and is created as part of all the general creation. Allah(swt) says:
“Allah is the Creator of all things, and He is the Wakil (guardian) over all things.” Surah Az Zumar, Ayah 62

Allah azawajal has not created evil exclusively in every respect. For example, sickness is an apparent evil and affliction for a believer in this world, but is better for him in the Hereafter, as a believer knows that sickness is a mean for expiating sins and purifying the soul. Likewise, the imprisonment of believers by the enemies of Allah is an evil act because of the affliction and hardships, but it is also a purification and education of the soul, in addition to reward and enormous blessing. Even the creation of Iblis (Satan) and his relentless war against man, leads to repentance after sin, to the increased worship of Allah and resorting to Allah for His protection and seeking His refuge and shelter. Therefore anything that is evil is only proportional - it is good with regard to Allah(swt’s) Creation and Action, and evil with regard to human beings.

Mushrikeen (Polytheists) use al-Qadar to justify the condition of disbelief. They claim that if Allah(swt) had not willed for them Shirk they would not commit it. Allah azawajal responds to them by saying:
“Those who took partners (in worship) with Allah will say: ‘If Allah had willed, we would not have taken partners with Him, nor would our fathers, and we would not have forbidden anything (against His Will)’. Likewise belied those who were before them till they tasted Our Wrath. Say ‘Have you any knowledge (proof) that you can produce before us? Verily you follow nothing but guess and you do nothing but lie.” Surah Al Anam, Ayah 148

Allah azawajal is not unjust, so He would not misguide people for no reason. Previous nations were only punished due to their continuous transgression. Nor does Allah azawajal coerce people to transgress as He(swt) says:
“And indeed when they commit a Fahisha, they say: ‘We found our fathers doing it, and Allah has commanded it on us’. Say ‘Nay, Allah never commands Fahisha. Do you say of Allah what you know not?” Surah al Araaf, Ayah 28

The truth is that Allah(swt) has created us with limited minds, so we are unable to probe into the Ghaib (unseen), which Allah has kept in His knowledge. The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) ordered us not to delve too deep into this issue. Abu Hurairah (radhiAllahu anhu) narrated that the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) came to us as we had been arguing with eachother about al-Qadar. He was so annoyed that his face became red as if there had been squeezed on his cheeks the flesh of pomegranates. He said: ‘Is this what you have been commanded to do’, is this with which I have been sent to you? ‘Those who had gone before you were destroyed as they disputed about it’. I adjure, I adjure, not to fall into argumentation over it.” [Reported in Sunan At Tirmidhi]

Allah azawajal has given man limited knowledge about al-Qadr and Allah(swt) has forbidden man to question it. Allah azawajal says: “He (Allah) cannot be questioned as to what He does, while they will be questioned.” Surah Al Anbiya, Ayah 23

So anyone who argues ‘Why did Allah do that?’ has gone against a judgement from Allah, and has fallen into a state of disbelief.
Knowledge is of two types: knowledge which is accessible to created beings, and knowledge which is not accessible to created beings. Denying knowledge which is accessible is disbelief, and claiming knowledge which is inaccessible is also disbelief. Belief is only correct and firm when accessible knowledge is accepted and inaccessible knowledge is not sought after. [Sharh al Aqeedah at Tahaaweeyah]

The Sahaba (radhiAllahu anhuma) had understood this matter of al-Qadar. The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said to ibn Abbass (radhiAllahu anhu): “Boy I would like to teach you something. Be careful and follow Allahs’ commands, Allah will protect you. You should safeguard His Right and you will always find Him with you. If you need something, ask Allah, and when you need help, solicit only Allah for the same. Bear in mind that if all people combined together to grant you some benefit, they would not be able to do it unless Allah ordained it for you and that if all of them combined together to do you harm, they would not be able to do it unless Allah determined it for you. The pens have been set aside and the writings of the Book of Fate have become dry.” [Reported in At Tirmidhi – graded as Hasan Saheeh]

The believer derives joy and tranquility from the belief in al-Qadar. He knows he will only receive what Allah(swt) has willed for him, and he knows that even if the whole world conspires against him, it can not harm him in the least if Allah has not willed so. The belief in al-Qadar leads to the believer emancipating himself from the worship of others to the worship of Allah Alone. Suddenly the attitude of the believer changes, he becomes courageous and free from the worship of man and money. The belief in al-Qadar removes any fear and cowardice from the heart. It encourages the believer to struggle and fight hard in the way of Allah- he knows that he will either gain a victory in the Dunya, or gain a victory in the Akhira- and that is al-Qadar.

Once the Muslim believes in al-Qadar, his reaction towards any form of delight or affliction becomes a mode of reward for him. The Prophet (saw) said: “Strange are the ways of the believer, for there is good in every affair of his. This is not the case of anyone except the believer. If he has occasion to feel delight, he thanks Allah(swt) and there is good for him in it. If he gets into trouble and shown resignation (and endures it patiently) there is good for him in it.” [Reported by Muslim]. Allahuakbar - what else can a believer want - is Allah not Ar-Raheem (the Most Merciful)?

Belief in al-Qadar does not mean that one does not adopt the appropriate means to attempt to achieve a certain goal. But one must not cross the line and believe that it is the causes that produce the effects, as results are only with Allah azawajal.
Usaama ibn Shareek (radhiAllahu anhu) narrates that some desert Arabs asked Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam): “Oh Messenger of Allah, should we make use of medical treatment?’ He replied: ‘Make use of medical treatment, for Allah has not made a disease without appointing a remedy for it, with the exception of one disease - namely old age.’” [Reported by At Trimidhi]. The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) was the best of those who put his trust in Allah azawajal, yet he prepared for war, strove in the way of Allah, and also walked in the markets to earn his living.

Before we conclude, we would like to remind you of one of the great military expeditions of the Sahaba, and how their Eaman made them deserving of the help of Allah ta’ala. Once, the Islamic army that was under the leadership of Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas (ra), stood in front of the town of Al-Madain, but was unable to find a boat to cross the river Tigris (Iraq). The water level was increasing and was impeding the Muslim assault on the Kaffir enemy, when Sa’d addressed his troops and said ‘ I have resolved to cross this sea, in order to assault the enemy’. His troops replied ‘ May Allah direct you and us to follow the right path. Please go ahead’. So Sa’d (ra) rushed in to the Tigris with his horse, and he was closely followed in by his Muslim troops until not a single man remained behind. The Mujahideen marched over the river as if they were marching over solid land, untill they filled the space between the two banks of the river. Their Eaman in Allah ta’ala removed any fear from their breasts, the only thing they were concerned about was whether their sins were outweighing their good deeds. When the Persians witnessed this miracle, they screamed ‘Diwana…Diwana…(mad people…mad people), You are not fighting against humans but they are Jinns!’ On that Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas (ra) said’ Allah is sufficient for us and He is the Best Disposer of our affairs! By Allah, surely Allah will give victory to His friends; verily Allah will make superior His Religion, and verily Allah will defeat His enemy, as long as there are neither adulterers or committers of similar sins- the good deeds will overcome the evil’. So, dear brothers and sisters in Islam, the lesson to be learnt from this is that we must rectify and even renew our Eaman in Allah ta’ala, and then we must strive against our lusts and desires in order to receive the Mercy and Help of Allah azawajal.

Oh Mumineen and Muminaat -The state of this Ummah will only be altered, and the Tawaghit of this Ummah, who rule the Muslim lands with fists of iron will only be removed if we, the Ummah make the neccessary and correct actions (submit to the Sunnah and perform the Amilu Salihaat), and then we have Tawakul ’al Allah (Trust in Allah). The first and most important action for us to take is the action of understanding the matter of iman in Allah azawajal - which is primarily Tawheedbillah. We must understand Taghut, we must identify Taghut and we must reject Taghut. Once this is done, we implement the Sunnah of Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) on our lives and those around us. The company of Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) and those who came after them and were rightly guided - were an Ummah, united under the leadership of one man - a single Imam. Al Ummato al Wahida - a single Ummah united on Tawheed, making the necessary actions to attain Al Jannah, taking the necessary provisions for this difficult journey and striving in the way of Allah to make His(swt) Kalima the most high and prevalent over the earth.

It is time to belong to the Jamat ul Muslimeen (Group of Muslimeen) and not the Jamat ul Kafireen (Group of Disbelievers) - the ultimate and promised victory is of the Jamat ul Muslimeen – the People with iman.